Apr 132022
 
The year is 2022. For the third time, a Le Pen is proceeding to the run-off for the French presidency. And unlike 2002 (when her father stood) and 2017, Marine Le Pen has a chance to win this time.

Without doubt, a Le Pen presidency would upend French, European, and even global politics. This is why (depending on individual predispositions) everyone is so excited, worried, or even joyful about it. For the next ten days, everyone in the west will turn into a (part-time) France-watcher and expert, unless that person happens to be German, in which case another round of navel-gazing is in order.

Jean-Marie LE PEN - Cannes - 17 décembre 2011

“Jean-Marie LE PEN – Cannes – 17 décembre 2011” by Philippe MARC – Arles 13200 is licensed under CC by-nc-nd-2.0

But while we are necessarily unsure about Le Pen’s and our own future, we should already know a lot about her, her party, and their voters. The Rassemblement National (formerly the Front National) was founded almost 50 years ago. In the older literature, it was often presented as the “mastercase” or “archetype” of its party family. In all likelihood, it is one of the most well-researched radical right parties in Europe.

To check my intuition and save you some work, I therefore ran a simple keyword search on The Eclectic, Erratic Bibliography on the Extreme Right in Western Europe. After manually removing some false positives (remember the irrelevant National Front in Wallonia that eventually had to change its name because it infringed on Le Pen’s copyright?), I ended up with 63 titles, published between 1985 and 2021. While some of them are comparative (once upon a time, two- and three-country studies were a popular genre), most are exclusively devoted to France, the FN/RN, and the Le Pens. This treasure trove should be enough to occupy you until election night.

  • Almeida, Dimitri. “Cultural retaliation: the cultural policies of the “new” Front National.” International Journal of Cultural Policy (2017): 1-13. doi:10.1080/10286632.2017.1288228
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{almeida-2017,
    author = {Dimitri Almeida},
    title = {Cultural retaliation: the cultural policies of the {"}new{"} Front National},
    journal = {International Journal of Cultural Policy},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {0},
    number = {0},
    pages = {1-13},
    doi = {10.1080/10286632.2017.1288228},
    }

  • Bastow, Steve. “The Front National Under Marine Le Pen: a Mainstream Political Party?.” 16.1 (2018): 19-37. doi:10.1057/s41253-017-0052-7
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{bastow-2018,
    author = {Steve Bastow},
    title = {The Front National Under Marine Le Pen: a Mainstream Political Party?},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {16},
    number = {1},
    pages = {19-37},
    doi = {10.1057/s41253-017-0052-7},
    }

  • Bolet, Diane. “Local Labour Market Competition and Radical Right Voting: Evidence From France.” European Journal of Political Research 59.4 (2020): 817-841. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12378
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{bolet-2020,
    author = {Diane Bolet},
    title = {Local Labour Market Competition and Radical Right Voting: Evidence From France},
    journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
    year = {2020},
    volume = {59},
    number = {4},
    pages = {817-841},
    doi = {10.1111/1475-6765.12378},
    }

  • Bornschier, Simon. “Why a Right-Wing Populist Party Emerged in France but not in Germany. Cleavages and Actors in the Formation of a New Cultural Divide.” European Political Science Review (2011): 121-145. doi:10.1017/S1755773911000117
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{bornschier-2011,
    author = {Simon Bornschier},
    title = {Why a Right-Wing Populist Party Emerged in France but not in Germany. Cleavages and Actors in the Formation of a New Cultural Divide},
    journal = {European Political Science Review},
    pages = {121-145},
    year = {2011},
    doi = {10.1017/S1755773911000117},
    }

  • Brouard, Sylvain and Martial Foucault. “Forecasting the Rise of the Front National During the 2014 Municipal Elections.” 12.4 (2014): 338-347. doi:10.1057/fp.2014.19
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{brouard-foucault-2014,
    author = {Sylvain Brouard and Martial Foucault},
    title = {Forecasting the Rise of the Front National During the 2014 Municipal Elections},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2014},
    volume = {12},
    number = {4},
    pages = {338-347},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2014.19},
    }

  • Campus, Donatella. “Marine Le Pen’s Peopolisation: an Asset for Leadership Image-Building?.” 15.2 (2017): 147-165. doi:10.1057/s41253-017-0026-9
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{campus-2017,
    author = {Donatella Campus},
    title = {Marine Le Pen's Peopolisation: an Asset for Leadership Image-Building?},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {15},
    number = {2},
    pages = {147-165},
    doi = {10.1057/s41253-017-0026-9},
    }

  • Carvalho, João. “The Impact of Extreme-right Parties on Immigration Policy in Italy and France in the Early 2000s.” Comparative European Politics 14.5 (2016): 663-685. doi:10.1057/cep.2014.47
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{carvalho-2016,
    author = {Jo{\~a}o Carvalho},
    title = {The Impact of Extreme-right Parties on Immigration Policy in Italy and France in the Early 2000s},
    journal = {Comparative European Politics},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {14},
    number = {5},
    pages = {663-685},
    doi = {10.1057/cep.2014.47},
    }

  • Carvalho, João. “Mainstream Party Strategies Towards Extreme Right Parties: The French 2007 and 2012 Presidential Elections.” Government and Opposition (2017): 1-22. doi:10.1017/gov.2017.25
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{carvalho-2017,
    author = {Jo{\~a}o Carvalho},
    title = {Mainstream Party Strategies Towards Extreme Right Parties: The French 2007 and 2012 Presidential Elections},
    journal = {Government and Opposition},
    year = {2017},
    doi = {10.1017/gov.2017.25},
    pages = {1-22},
    }

  • DeAngelis, Richard A.. “A Rising Tide for Jean-Marie, Jörg, and Pauline? Xenophobic Populism in Comparative Perspective.” Australian Journal of Politics and History 49 (2003): 75-92.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{deangelis-2003,
    author = {Richard A. DeAngelis},
    year = {2003},
    title = {A Rising Tide for Jean-Marie, Jörg, and Pauline? Xenophobic Populism in Comparative Perspective},
    pages = {75-92},
    volume = {49},
    journal = {Australian Journal of Politics and History},
    }

  • Della Posta, Daniel J.. “Competitive Threat, Intergroup Contact, or Both? Immigration and the Dynamics of Front National Voting in France.” Social Forces 92.1 (2013): 249-273. doi:10.1093/sf/sot046
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{della-posta-2013,
    title = {Competitive Threat, Intergroup Contact, or Both? Immigration and the Dynamics of Front National Voting in France},
    volume = {92},
    doi = {10.1093/sf/sot046},
    number = {1},
    journal = {Social Forces},
    author = {Daniel J. {Della Posta}},
    year = {2013},
    pages = {249-273},
    }

  • Dumitrescu, Delia. “Up, Close and Personal: the New Front National Visual Strategy Under Marine Le Pen.” 15.1 (2017): 1-26. doi:10.1057/s41253-016-0012-7
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{dumitrescu-2017,
    author = {Delia Dumitrescu},
    title = {Up, Close and Personal: the New Front National Visual Strategy Under Marine Le Pen},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {15},
    number = {1},
    pages = {1-26},
    doi = {10.1057/s41253-016-0012-7},
    }

  • Ellinas, Antonis A.. “The Resurgence of the Radical Right in France: From Boulangisme To the Front National..” Perspectives on Politics 12.2 (2014): 504-505. doi:10.1017/S153759271400125X
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{ellinas-2014,
    author = {Antonis A. Ellinas},
    title = {The Resurgence of the Radical Right in France: From Boulangisme To the Front National.},
    journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
    year = {2014},
    volume = {12},
    number = {2},
    pages = {504-505},
    doi = {10.1017/S153759271400125X},
    }

  • Evans, Jocelyn and Gilles Ivaldi. “Forecasting the Extreme Right Vote in France (1984-2007).” 6.2 (2008): 137-151. doi:10.1057/fp.2008.1
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{evans-ivaldi-2008,
    author = {Jocelyn Evans and Gilles Ivaldi},
    title = {Forecasting the Extreme Right Vote in France (1984-2007)},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2008},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {137-151},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2008.1},
    }

  • Evans, Jocelyn and Gilles Ivaldi. “Contextual Effects of Immigrant Presence on Populist Radical Right Support: Testing the `Halo Effect’ on Front National Voting in France.” Comparative Political Studies online first (2020). doi:10.1177/0010414020957677
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{evans-ivaldi-2020,
    author = {Jocelyn Evans and Gilles Ivaldi},
    title = {Contextual Effects of Immigrant Presence on Populist Radical Right Support: Testing the `Halo Effect' on Front National Voting in France},
    journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
    year = {2020},
    volume = {online first},
    doi = {10.1177/0010414020957677},
    }

  • Goodliffe, Gabriel. “Europe’s Salience and “owning” Euroscepticism: Explaining the Front National’s Victory in the 2014 European Elections in France.” French Politics 13.4 (2015): 324-345. doi:10.1057/fp.2015.19
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{goodliffe-2015,
    author = {Gabriel Goodliffe},
    title = {Europe's Salience and {"}owning{"} Euroscepticism: Explaining the Front National's Victory in the 2014 European Elections in France},
    journal = {French Politics},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {13},
    number = {4},
    pages = {324-345},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2015.19},
    }

  • Goodliffe, Gabriel. “From Political Fringe To Political Mainstream: The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France.” French Politics, Culture & Society 34.3 (2016): 126-147. doi:10.3167/fpcs.2016.340307
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{goodliffe-2016,
    author = {Gabriel Goodliffe},
    title = {From Political Fringe To Political Mainstream: The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France},
    journal = {French Politics, Culture \& Society},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {34},
    number = {3},
    pages = {126-147},
    doi = {10.3167/fpcs.2016.340307},
    }

  • Hainsworth, Paul. “The Front National: From Ascendancy to Fragmentation on the French Extreme Right.” The Politics of the Extreme Right. From the Margins to the Mainstream. Ed. Hainsworth, Paul. London, New York: Pinter, 2000. 18-32.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{hainsworth-2000c,
    author = {Paul Hainsworth},
    title = {The Front National: From Ascendancy to Fragmentation on the French Extreme Right},
    pages = {18-32},
    publisher = {Pinter},
    editor = {Paul Hainsworth},
    booktitle = {The Politics of the Extreme Right. From the Margins to the Mainstream},
    year = {2000},
    address = {London, New York},
    }

  • Hainsworth, Paul and Paul Mitchell. “France: The Front National from Crossroads to Crossroads?.” Parliamentary Affairs 53 (2000): 443-456.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{hainsworth-mitchell-2000,
    author = {Paul Hainsworth and Paul Mitchell},
    year = {2000},
    title = {France: The Front National from Crossroads to Crossroads?},
    pages = {443-456},
    volume = {53},
    journal = {Parliamentary Affairs},
    }

  • Hutchins, Rachel D. and Daphne Halikiopoulou. “Enemies of Liberty? Nationalism, Immigration, and the Framing of Terrorism in the Agenda of the Front National.” Nations and Nationalism 26.1 (2020): 67-84. doi:10.1111/nana.12555
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{hutchins-halikiopoulou-2020,
    author = {Rachel D. Hutchins and Daphne Halikiopoulou},
    title = {Enemies of Liberty? Nationalism, Immigration, and the Framing of Terrorism in the Agenda of the Front National},
    journal = {Nations and Nationalism},
    year = {2020},
    volume = {26},
    number = {1},
    pages = {67-84},
    doi = {10.1111/nana.12555},
    }

  • Ignazi, Piero and Colette Ysmal. “New and Old Extreme Right Parties – The French Front National and the Italian Movimento Sociale.” European Journal of Political Research 22 (1992): 101-121.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{ignazi-ysmal-1992,
    author = {Piero Ignazi and Colette Ysmal},
    year = {1992},
    title = {New and Old Extreme Right Parties - The French Front National and the Italian Movimento Sociale},
    pages = {101-121},
    volume = {22},
    journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
    }

  • Ivaldi, Gilles. “Towards the Median Economic Crisis Voter? the New Leftist Economic Agenda of the Front National in France.” 13.4 (2015): 346-369. doi:10.1057/fp.2015.17
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{ivaldi-2015,
    author = {Gilles Ivaldi},
    title = {Towards the Median Economic Crisis Voter? the New Leftist Economic Agenda of the Front National in France},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {13},
    number = {4},
    pages = {346-369},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2015.17},
    }

  • Ivaldi, Gilles. “Contesting the EU in Times of Crisis: The Front National and Politics of Euroscepticism in France.” Politics (2018): online first. doi:10.1177/0263395718766787
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{ivaldi-2018,
    author = {Gilles Ivaldi},
    title = {Contesting the EU in Times of Crisis: The Front National and Politics of Euroscepticism in France},
    journal = {Politics},
    year = {2018},
    pages = {online first},
    doi = {10.1177/0263395718766787},
    }

  • Ivaldi, Gilles and Maria Elisabetta Lanzone. “The French Front National: Organizational Change and Adaptation from Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen.” Understanding Populist Party Organisation. The Radical Right in Western Europe. Eds. Heinisch, Reinhard and Oscar Mazzoleni. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. 131-158.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{ivaldi-lanzone-2016,
    author = {Gilles Ivaldi and Maria Elisabetta Lanzone},
    title = {The French Front National: Organizational Change and Adaptation from Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen},
    booktitle = {Understanding Populist Party Organisation. The Radical Right in Western Europe},
    publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan},
    year = {2016},
    editor = {Reinhard Heinisch and Oscar Mazzoleni},
    pages = {131-158},
    address = {London},
    }

  • Ivaldi, Gilles, Maria Elisabetta Lanzone, and Dwayne Woods. “Varieties of Populism across a Left-Right Spectrum: The Case of the Front National, the Northern League, Podemos and Five Star Movement.” Swiss Political Science Review 23.4 (2017): 354-376. doi:10.1111/spsr.12278
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{ivaldi-lanzone-woods-2017,
    author = {Gilles Ivaldi and Maria Elisabetta Lanzone and Dwayne Woods},
    title = {Varieties of Populism across a Left-Right Spectrum: The Case of the Front National, the Northern League, Podemos and Five Star Movement},
    journal = {Swiss Political Science Review},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {23},
    number = {4},
    pages = {354-376},
    doi = {10.1111/spsr.12278},
    }

  • Jërôme, Bruno and Vëronique Jërôme-Speziari. “A Le Pen Vote Function for the 2002 Presidential Election: a Way To Reduce Uncertainty.” 1.2 (2003): 247-251. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200036
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{jerome-jerome-speziari-2003,
    author = {Bruno J{\"e}r{\^o}me and V{\"e}ronique J{\"e}r{\^o}me-Speziari},
    title = {A Le Pen Vote Function for the 2002 Presidential Election: a Way To Reduce Uncertainty},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2003},
    volume = {1},
    number = {2},
    pages = {247-251},
    doi = {10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200036},
    }

  • Kestilä, Elina and Peter Söderlund. “Subnational Political Opportunity Structures and the Success of the Radical Right. Evidence from the March 2004 Regional Elections in France.” European Journal of Political Research 46 (2007): 773-796. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2007.00715.x
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{kestilae-soederlund-2007,
    author = {Elina Kestil{\"a} and Peter S{\"o}derlund},
    year = {2007},
    title = {Subnational Political Opportunity Structures and the Success of the Radical Right. Evidence from the March 2004 Regional Elections in France},
    doi = {10.1111/j.1475-6765.2007.00715.x},
    pages = {773-796},
    volume = {46},
    journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
    }

  • Lubbers, Marcel and Peer Scheepers. “French Front National voting: A Micro and Macro Perspective.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 25 (2002): 120-149.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{lubbers-scheepers-2002,
    author = {Marcel Lubbers and Peer Scheepers},
    year = {2002},
    title = {French Front National voting: A Micro and Macro Perspective},
    pages = {120-149},
    volume = {25},
    journal = {Ethnic and Racial Studies},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna. “Presence of Immigrants and National Front Vote. The Case of Paris (1984-1989).” Ethnic Politics and Civil Liberties. Ed. Barker, Lucius J.. National Political Science Review. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 1992. 103-126.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{mayer-1992,
    author = {Nonna Mayer},
    title = {Presence of Immigrants and National Front Vote. The Case of Paris (1984-1989)},
    booktitle = {Ethnic Politics and Civil Liberties},
    editor = {Lucius J. Barker},
    series = {National Political Science Review},
    year = {1992},
    number = {3},
    publisher = {Transaction Publishers},
    address = {New Brunswick, New Jersey},
    pages = {103-126},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna. “The Front National in the Plural.” Patterns of Prejudice 32 (1998): 4-24.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{mayer-1998,
    author = {Nonna Mayer},
    year = {1998},
    title = {The Front National in the Plural},
    pages = {4-24},
    volume = {32},
    journal = {Patterns of Prejudice},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna. “The French National Front.” The New Politics of the Right. Neo-Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies. Eds. Betz, Hans-Georg and Stefan Immerfall. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998. 11-25.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{mayer-1998b,
    author = {Nonna Mayer},
    title = {The French National Front},
    pages = {11-25},
    publisher = {St. Martin's Press},
    editor = {Hans-Georg Betz and Stefan Immerfall},
    booktitle = {The New Politics of the Right. Neo-Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies},
    year = {1998},
    address = {New York},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna. “Le Pen’s comeback: the 2002 French presidential election.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 27.2 (2003): 455-459. doi:10.1111/1468-2427.00458
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{mayer-2003,
    author = {Nonna Mayer},
    doi = {10.1111/1468-2427.00458},
    journal = {International Journal of Urban and Regional Research},
    number = {2},
    pages = {455-459},
    title = {Le Pen's comeback: the 2002 French presidential election},
    volume = {27},
    year = {2003},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna. “The Closing of the Radical Right Gender Gap in France?.” French Politics 13.4 (2015): 391-414. doi:10.1057/fp.2015.18
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{mayer-2015,
    author = {Nonna Mayer},
    title = {The Closing of the Radical Right Gender Gap in France?},
    journal = {French Politics},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {13},
    number = {4},
    pages = {391-414},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2015.18},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna and Pascal Perrineau. “Why Do They Vote for Le Pen?.” European Journal of Political Research 22 (1992): 123-141.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{mayer-perrineau-1992,
    author = {Nonna Mayer and Pascal Perrineau},
    year = {1992},
    title = {Why Do They Vote for Le Pen?},
    pages = {123-141},
    volume = {22},
    journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
    }

  • Mermat, Djamel. “”sympathy for the Devil”? Walking the Tight Rope in the Study of the French National Front (2006-2008).” 7.1 (2009): 56-74. doi:10.1057/fp.2009.1
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{mermat-2009,
    author = {Djamel Mermat},
    title = {{"}sympathy for the Devil{"}? Walking the Tight Rope in the Study of the French National Front (2006-2008)},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2009},
    volume = {7},
    number = {1},
    pages = {56-74},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2009.1},
    }

  • Minkenberg, Michael. “The New Radical Right in the Political Process. Interaction Effects in France and Germany.” Shadows Over Europe: The Development and Impact of the Extreme Right in Western Europe. Eds. Schain, Martin, Aristide Zolberg, and Patrick Hossay. New York: Palgrave, 2002. 245-268.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{minkenberg-2002,
    author = {Michael Minkenberg},
    title = {The New Radical Right in the Political Process. Interaction Effects in France and Germany},
    pages = {245-268},
    publisher = {Palgrave},
    editor = {Martin Schain and Aristide Zolberg and Patrick Hossay},
    booktitle = {Shadows Over Europe: The Development and Impact of the Extreme Right in Western Europe},
    year = {2002},
    address = {New York},
    }

  • Mitra, Subrata. “The National Front in France – a Single-Issue Movement?.” Right-Wing Extremism in Western Europe. Ed. von Beyme, Klaus. London: Frank Cass, 1988. 47-64.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{mitra-1988,
    author = {Subrata Mitra},
    title = {The National Front in France - a Single-Issue Movement?},
    editor = {Klaus von Beyme},
    year = {1988},
    booktitle = {Right-Wing Extremism in Western Europe},
    publisher = {Frank Cass},
    address = {London},
    pages = {47-64},
    }

  • Mondon, Aurelien. “Populism, the “people” and the Illusion of Democracy – the Front National and UKIP in a Comparative Context.” 13.2 (2015): 141-156. doi:10.1057/fp.2015.6
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{mondon-2015,
    author = {Aurelien Mondon},
    title = {Populism, the {"}people{"} and the Illusion of Democracy - the Front National and UKIP in a Comparative Context},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {13},
    number = {2},
    pages = {141-156},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2015.6},
    }

  • Morgan, Kimberly J.. “Gender, Right-wing Populism, and Immigrant Integration Policies in France, 1989-2012.” West European Politics (2017): online first. doi:10.1080/01402382.2017.1287446
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{morgan-2017,
    author = {Kimberly J. Morgan},
    title = {Gender, Right-wing Populism, and Immigrant Integration Policies in France, 1989-2012},
    journal = {West European Politics},
    year = {2017},
    pages = {online first},
    doi = {10.1080/01402382.2017.1287446},
    }

  • Oesch, Daniel. “Explaining Workers’ Support for Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe: Evidence from Austria, Belgium, France, Norway, and Switzerland.” International Political Science Review 29.3 (2008): 349-373.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{oesch-2008,
    author = {Daniel Oesch},
    title = {Explaining Workers' Support for Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe: Evidence from Austria, Belgium, France, Norway, and Switzerland},
    journal = {International Political Science Review},
    year = {2008},
    volume = {29},
    number = {3},
    pages = {349-373},
    }

  • Patana, Pauliina. “Residential Constraints and the Political Geography of the Populist Radical Right: Evidence From France.” Perspectives on Politics online first (2021): 1-18. doi:10.1017/s153759272100219x
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{patana-2021,
    author = {Pauliina Patana},
    title = {Residential Constraints and the Political Geography of the Populist Radical Right: Evidence From France},
    journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
    year = {2021},
    volume = {online first},
    pages = {1-18},
    doi = {10.1017/s153759272100219x},
    }

  • Perrineau, Pascal. “Le Front National. Un Ëlectorat Autoritaire.” Revue Politique et Parlementaire 87.918 (1985): 24-31.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{perrineau-1985,
    author = {Pascal Perrineau},
    title = {Le Front National. Un \"{E}lectorat Autoritaire},
    journal = {Revue Politique et Parlementaire},
    volume = {87},
    year = {1985},
    number = {918},
    pages = {24-31},
    }

  • Reungoat, Emmanuelle. “Mobilizing Europe in National Competition: The Case of the French Front National.” International Political Science Review 36.3 (2015): 296-310. doi:10.1177/0192512114568816
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{reungoat-2015,
    author = {Emmanuelle Reungoat},
    title = {Mobilizing Europe in National Competition: The Case of the French Front National},
    journal = {International Political Science Review},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {36},
    number = {3},
    pages = {296-310},
    doi = {10.1177/0192512114568816},
    }

  • Rydgren, Jens. “Meso-level Reasons for Racism and Xenophobia. Some Converging and Diverging Effects of Radical Right Populism in France and Sweden.” European Journal of Social Theory 6 (2003): 45-68.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{rydgren-2003,
    author = {Jens Rydgren},
    year = {2003},
    title = {Meso-level Reasons for Racism and Xenophobia. Some Converging and Diverging Effects of Radical Right Populism in France and Sweden},
    pages = {45-68},
    volume = {6},
    journal = {European Journal of Social Theory},
    }

  • The Populist Challenge. Political Protest and Ethno-Nationalist Mobilization in France. Ed. Rydgren, Jens. New York: Berghahn Books, 2004.
    [BibTeX]
    @Book{rydgren-2004,
    year = {2004},
    title = {The Populist Challenge. Political Protest and Ethno-Nationalist Mobilization in France},
    address = {New York},
    publisher = {Berghahn Books},
    editor = {Jens Rydgren},
    }

  • Schain, Martin. “The Impact of the French National Front on the French Political System.” Shadows Over Europe: The Development and Impact of the Extreme Right in Western Europe. Eds. Schain, Martin, Aristide Zolberg, and Patrick Hossay. New York: Palgrave, 2002. 223-243.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{schain-2002,
    author = {Martin Schain},
    title = {The Impact of the French National Front on the French Political System},
    pages = {223-243},
    publisher = {Palgrave},
    editor = {Martin Schain and Aristide Zolberg and Patrick Hossay},
    booktitle = {Shadows Over Europe: The Development and Impact of the Extreme Right in Western Europe},
    year = {2002},
    address = {New York},
    }

  • Shields, James. “The Front National: From Systematic Opposition to Systemic Integration?.” Modern & Contemporary France 22.4 (2014): 491-511. doi:10.1080/09639489.2014.957964
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{shields-2014,
    author = {James Shields},
    title = {The Front National: From Systematic Opposition to Systemic Integration?},
    journal = {Modern \& Contemporary France},
    year = {2014},
    volume = {22},
    number = {4},
    pages = {491-511},
    doi = {10.1080/09639489.2014.957964},
    }

  • Shields, James. “The Front National At the Polls: Transformational Elections Or the Status Quo Reaffirmed?.” 13.4 (2015): 415-433. doi:10.1057/fp.2015.15
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{shields-2015,
    author = {James Shields},
    title = {The Front National At the Polls: Transformational Elections Or the Status Quo Reaffirmed?},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {13},
    number = {4},
    pages = {415-433},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2015.15},
    }

  • Stockemer, Daniel. “Who Are the Members of the French National Front? Evidence From Interview Research.” 12.1 (2014): 36-58. doi:10.1057/fp.2014.1
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{stockemer-2014,
    author = {Daniel Stockemer},
    title = {Who Are the Members of the French National Front? Evidence From Interview Research},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2014},
    volume = {12},
    number = {1},
    pages = {36-58},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2014.1},
    }

  • Mayer, Nonna. “The Radical Right in France.” The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right. Ed. Rydgren, Jens. Oxford University Press, 2018. 433-451.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{mayer-2018,
    author = {Nonna Mayer},
    title = {The Radical Right in France},
    booktitle = {The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right},
    publisher = {Oxford University Press},
    year = {2018},
    editor = {Jens Rydgren},
    pages = {433-451},
    }

  • Stockemer, Daniel. The Front National in France: Continuity and Change Under Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen. Springer, 2017.
    [BibTeX]
    @Book{stockemer-2017b,
    author = {Daniel Stockemer},
    title = {The Front National in France: Continuity and Change Under Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen},
    publisher = {Springer},
    year = {2017},
    }

  • Stockemer, Daniel. “What Is Right-Wing Populism and How Does It Manifest Itself? an Analysis of the French National Front’s Facebook Posts and Sympathizers” Facebook Comments.” French Politics 17.3 (2019): 340-354. doi:10.1057/s41253-019-00082-w
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{stockemer-2019,
    author = {Daniel Stockemer},
    title = {What Is Right-Wing Populism and How Does It Manifest Itself? an Analysis of the French National Front's Facebook Posts and Sympathizers{"} Facebook Comments},
    journal = {French Politics},
    year = {2019},
    volume = {17},
    number = {3},
    pages = {340-354},
    doi = {10.1057/s41253-019-00082-w},
    }

  • Stockemer, Daniel and Abdelkarim Amengay. “The Voters of the FN Under Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen: Continuity Or Change?.” 13.4 (2015): 370-390. doi:10.1057/fp.2015.16
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{stockemer-amengay-2015,
    author = {Daniel Stockemer and Abdelkarim Amengay},
    title = {The Voters of the FN Under Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen: Continuity Or Change?},
    journaltitle = {French Politics},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {13},
    number = {4},
    pages = {370-390},
    doi = {10.1057/fp.2015.16},
    }

  • Swyngedouw, Marc and Gilles Ivaldi. “The Extreme Right Utopia in Belgium and France: The Ideology of the Flemish Vlaams Blok and the French Front National.” West European Politics 24.3 (2001): 1-22.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{swyngedouw-ivaldi-2001,
    author = {Marc Swyngedouw and Gilles Ivaldi},
    year = {2001},
    title = {The Extreme Right Utopia in Belgium and France: The Ideology of the Flemish Vlaams Blok and the French Front National},
    pages = {1-22},
    volume = {24},
    number = {3},
    journal = {West European Politics},
    }

  • Thillaye, Renaud and Claudia Chwalisz. “The Front National: Old Rhetoric, New Practices.” Polish Quarterly of International Affairs 24.2 (2015): 103-120.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{thillaye-chwalisz-2015,
    author = {Renaud Thillaye and Claudia Chwalisz},
    title = {The Front National: Old Rhetoric, New Practices},
    journal = {Polish Quarterly of International Affairs},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {24},
    number = {2},
    pages = {103-120},
    }

  • Thränhardt, Dietrich. “The Political Uses of Xenophobia in England, France and Germany.” Party Politics 1 (1995): 323-345. doi:10.1177/1354068895001003002
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{thraenhardt-1995,
    author = {Dietrich Thr{\"a}nhardt},
    year = {1995},
    title = {The Political Uses of Xenophobia in England, France and Germany},
    pages = {323-345},
    volume = {1},
    journal = {Party Politics},
    doi = {10.1177/1354068895001003002},
    }

  • Thränhardt, Dietrich. “The Political Use of Xenophobia in England, France, and Germany.” Immigration into Western Societies: Problems and Policies. Eds. Uçarer, Emek M. and Donald J. Puchala. London, Washington: Pinter, 1997. 175-194.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{thraenhardt-1997,
    author = {Dietrich Thr{\"a}nhardt},
    title = {The Political Use of Xenophobia in England, France, and Germany},
    pages = {175-194},
    publisher = {Pinter},
    editor = {Emek M. U{\c c}arer and Donald J. Puchala},
    booktitle = {Immigration into Western Societies: Problems and Policies},
    year = {1997},
    address = {London, Washington},
    }

  • Van Hauwaert, Steven M. and Patrick English. “Responsiveness and the Macro-Origins of Immigration Opinions: Evidence From Belgium, France and the UK.” Comparative European Politics (2018): online first. doi:10.1057/s41295-018-0130-5
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{van-hauwaert-english-2018,
    author = {Steven M. {Van Hauwaert} and Patrick English},
    title = {Responsiveness and the Macro-Origins of Immigration Opinions: Evidence From Belgium, France and the UK},
    journal = {Comparative European Politics},
    year = {2018},
    pages = {online first},
    doi = {10.1057/s41295-018-0130-5},
    }

  • Vasilopoulos, Pavlos, Haley McAvay, and Sylvain Brouard. “Residential Context and Voting for the Far Right. The Impact of Immigration and Unemployment on the 2017 French Presidential Election.” Political Behavior (2021). doi:10.1007/s11109-021-09676-z
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{vasilopoulos-mcavay-brouard-2021,
    author = {Pavlos Vasilopoulos and Haley McAvay and Sylvain Brouard},
    title = {Residential Context and Voting for the Far Right. The Impact of Immigration and Unemployment on the 2017 French Presidential Election},
    journal = {Political Behavior},
    year = {2021},
    doi = {10.1007/s11109-021-09676-z},
    }

  • Veugelers, John W. P.. “Social Cleavage and the Revival of Far Right Parties: The Case of France’s National Front.” Acta Sociologica 40 (1997): 31-49.
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{veugelers-1997,
    author = {John W. P. Veugelers},
    year = {1997},
    title = {Social Cleavage and the Revival of Far Right Parties: The Case of France's National Front},
    pages = {31-49},
    volume = {40},
    journal = {Acta Sociologica},
    }

  • Veugelers, John W. P.. “Right-Wing Extremism in Contemporary France: A “”Silent Counterrevolution””?.” Sociological Quarterly 41 (2000): 19-40. doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.2000.tb02364.x
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{veugelers-2000,
    author = {John W.P. Veugelers},
    year = {2000},
    title = {Right-Wing Extremism in Contemporary France: A {"}{"}Silent Counterrevolution{"}{"}?},
    pages = {19-40},
    doi = {10.1111/j.1533-8525.2000.tb02364.x},
    volume = {41},
    journal = {Sociological Quarterly},
    }

  • Veugelers, John. “After Colonialism: Local Politics and Far-Right Affinities in a City of Southern France.” Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. From Local to Transnational. Eds. Mammone, Andrea, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins. London and others: Routledge, 2012. 33-47.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{veugelers-2012,
    title = {After Colonialism: Local Politics and Far-Right Affinities in a City of Southern France},
    booktitle = {Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. From Local to Transnational},
    author = {John Veugelers},
    editor = {Andrea Mammone and Emmanuel Godin and Brian Jenkins},
    address = {London and others},
    publisher = {Routledge},
    year = {2012},
    pages = {33-47},
    }

  • Veugelers, John W. P. and Roberto Chiarini. “The Far Right in France and Italy: Nativist Politics and Anti-Fascism.” Shadows Over Europe: The Development and Impact of the Extreme Right in Western Europe. Eds. Schain, Martin, Aristide Zolberg, and Patrick Hossay. New York: Palgrave, 2002. 83-103.
    [BibTeX]
    @InCollection{veugelers-chiarini-2002,
    author = {John W. P. Veugelers and Roberto Chiarini},
    title = {The Far Right in France and Italy: Nativist Politics and Anti-Fascism},
    pages = {83-103},
    publisher = {Palgrave},
    editor = {Martin Schain and Aristide Zolberg and Patrick Hossay},
    booktitle = {Shadows Over Europe: The Development and Impact of the Extreme Right in Western Europe},
    year = {2002},
    address = {New York},
    }

  • Veugelers, John, Gabriel Menard, and Pierre Permingeat. “Colonial Past, Voluntary Association and Far-right Voting in France.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 38.5 (2015): 775-791. doi:10.1080/01419870.2014.902088
    [BibTeX]
    @Article{veugelers-menard-permingeat-2015,
    author = {John Veugelers and Gabriel Menard and Pierre Permingeat},
    title = {Colonial Past, Voluntary Association and Far-right Voting in France},
    journal = {Ethnic and Racial Studies},
    year = {2015},
    volume = {38},
    number = {5},
    pages = {775-791},
    doi = {10.1080/01419870.2014.902088},
    }

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