Germany’s AfD has a racism problem

The rise of Germany’s new far right party AfD has been nothing but meteoric. Founded only months before the 2013 General Election, the party came tantalisingly close to the electoral threshold, delivering the strongest performance of any new party since the 1950s. Eight months later, they made it easily into the European parliament (outperforming the Liberals (FDP)), and this summer, they won representation in three East German state parliaments, further startling the establishment.

The biggest problem for any far-right party in Germany is respectability: Any (open) display of extremist language or symbols, any link to the Nazi past will make a party unelectable for the vast majority of the population and may even lead to prosecution under Germany’s anti-Nazi laws.
In the mid-to-late 1960s, the NPD managed to retain a degree of decorum for some years before jumping the shark in the 1970s. Similarly, the Republicans started out as a CSU breakaway but quickly morphed into yet another extremist group in the eyes of the public. Later attempts of the new leadership to return to a more moderate position came too late to remedy the situation. More interesting was Judge Schill’s attempt to create a modern right-wing populist party in the early 2000s, but they never did well outside Hamburg and quickly collapsed due to Schill’s erratic behaviour.

Update June 2019

This was written back in 2014. Reading this again five years down the line is … interesting. Turns out that the AfD was on a trajectory towards the Radical Right even then. If you want to catch up on how the story unfolded, have a look at this journal article ?

Don’t mention the war! How populist right-wing radicalism became (almost) normal in Germany

The AfD leadership, on the other hand, has so far managed to keep well-known extremists out of the party (or at least out of the limelight). But recently, the party’s image has suffered two significant blows. A couple of weeks ago, the AfD in Brandenburg was forced to expel a newly minted state MP who had posted an antisemitic cartoon on Facebook, alongside a link to an extremist propaganda site. This week, it transpired that a party leader in the Eastern state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern  has been charged with inciting racial hatred over (anonymous) posts on the interwebs.

Whether this is actually true remains to be seen. Either way, both events in isolation will not hurt the party, which is doing very well in the polls. But they will help to strengthen the cordon sanitaire that Merkel has created between her own Christian Democrats and the AfD, and resonate with the extremism frame that the left is deploying against them.

10 thoughts on “Germany’s AfD has a racism problem”

  1. Racist racist racist! Hmmm, apparently the only thing that opponents of AfD have been able to come up with as a response is to call them names. Is there any doubt the euro has been a miserable, pathetic failure that could be and WAS foreseen 20 years ago by people like Bernard Connolly? Is there any doubt that if you give welfare to people from other countries who don’t have jobs, and if you have no limits on immigration, that you will get a flood of immigrants from all over the world, and your country will quickly go bankrupt? Is there any doubt that the easiest way out of all these problems is not to raise taxes but to default on government debt and let the banks go under? The AfD has the correct solutions to all these problems, and what is the response from the left:

    Racist, racist, racist!

  2. As we say in the programming business, “It’s not a bug, it’s a feature”. Take away all the racism and… What’s the raison d’etre for the party?


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