Populismus, Euroskeptizismus und Einstellungen zur Außenpolitik

 

Inhalt

Euroskeptizisimus ist ein fast schon klassisches Thema der Politischen Soziologie, das durch den Aufstieg populistischer Parteien und die kleineren und größeren Krisen der europäischen Integration in den letzten zehn Jahren enorm an Bedeutung gewonnen hat. Im Seminar beschäftigen wir uns allgemein mit der Bedeutung außenpolitischer Einstellungen für die praktische Politik und lesen gemeinsam klassische und aktuelle Artikel zu den Themen Populismus und Euroskeptizismus. Zudem werden wir uns mit ausgewählten Kapiteln aus der gerade erschienenen Monographie von Catherine De Vries auseinandersetzen.

Ziele

Am Ende des Seminars …

  • Haben Sie einen Überblick über ein dynamisches Forschungsfeld
  • Sind Sie in der Lage, die aktuellen politischen Diskussionen wissenschaftlich einzuordnen

Seminarplan

Folien zur ersten Stunde

Ablauf

DatumThemaPflichtlektüre
17.10.2018Einführung
24.10.2018Struktur außenpolitischer EinstellungenGravelle, Reifler, and Scotto 2017
31.10.2018Persönlichkeit und außenpolitische EinstellungenRathbun et al. 2016
07.11.2018EU support und persönlicher NutzenGabel 1998
14.11.2018EU support und cultural threatMcLaren 2002
21.11.2018Maastricht als WendepunktEichenberg and Dalton 2007
28.11.2018Nationalismus, Euroskeptizismus und WahlentscheidungLubbers and Coenders 2017
05.12.2018Euroskeptizismus und die globale FinanzkriseSerricchio, Tsakatika, and Quaglia 2012
12.12.2018Europäisierung und WohlfahrtsstaatBaute et al. 2018
19.12.2018Euroskeptizismus und PersönlichkeitTillman 2013
09.01.2019Populismus als EinstellungAkkerman, Mudde, and Zaslove 2014
16.01.2019Euroskeptizismus und MedienberichterstattungLecheler and De Vreese 2010, Hameleers, Bos, and Vreese 2017
23.01.2019EU-support & -scepticism: TypologieDe Vries 2018 ch 4-5
30.01.2019EU-support & -scepticism: KonsequenzenDe Vries 2018 ch 6-7
06.02.2019Öffentliche Meinung und die Zukunft der EUDe Vries 2018 ch 8-9
13.02.2019Abschlussdiskussion

Literatur

Akkerman, Agnes, Cas Mudde, and Andrej Zaslove. 2014. “How Populist Are the People? Measuring Populist Attitudes in Voters.” Comparative Political Studies 47 (9): 1324–53. doi:10.1177/0010414013512600.

Baute, Sharon, Bart Meuleman, Koen Abts, and Marc Swyngedouw. 2018. “European Integration as a Threat to Social Security. Another Source of Euroscepticism?” European Union Politics 19 (2): 209–32. doi:10.1177/1465116517749769.

De Vries, Catherine E. 2018. Euroscepticism and the Future of European Integration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eichenberg, Richard C., and Russell J. Dalton. 2007. “Post-Maastricht Blues: The Transformation of Citizen Support for European Integration, 1973-2004.” Acta Politica 42 (2-3): 128–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.ap.5500182.

Gabel, Matthew. 1998. “Public Support for European Integration. an Empirical Test of Five Theories.” Journal of Politics 60: 333–54.

Hameleers, Michael, Linda Bos, and Claes de Vreese. 2017. “Framing Blame: Toward a Better Understanding of the Effects of Populist Communication on Populist Party Preferences.” Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, online first. doi:10.1080/17457289.2017.1407326.

Lecheler, Sophie, and Claes H. De Vreese. 2010. “Framing Serbia. the Effects of News Framing on Public Support for Eu Enlargement.” European Political Science Review 2 (1): 73–93. doi:10.1017/S1755773909990233.

Lubbers, Marcel, and Marcel Coenders. 2017. “Nationalistic Attitudes and Voting for the Radical Right in Europe.” European Union Politics 18 (1): 98–118. doi:10.1177/1465116516678932.

McLaren, Lauren M. 2002. “Public Support for the European Union: Cost/Benefit Analysis or Perceived Cultural Threat.” The Journal of Politics 64: 551–66.

Rathbun, Brian C., Joshua D. Kertzer, Jason Reifler, Paul Goren, and Thomas J. Scotto. 2016. “Taking Foreign Policy Personally: Personal Values and Foreign Policy Attitudes.” International Studies Quarterly 60 (1): 124–37. doi:10.1093/isq/sqv012.

Scotto, Timothy B. Gravelle And Jason Reifler And Thomas J. 2017. “The Structure of Foreign Policy Attitudes in Transatlantic Perspective. Comparing the United States, United Kingdom, France and Germany.” European Journal of Political Research 56 (4): 757–76. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12197.

Serricchio, Fabio, Myrto Tsakatika, and Lucia Quaglia. 2012. “Euroscepticism and the Global Financial Crisis*.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 51 (1): 51–64. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5965.2012.02299.x.

Tillman, Erik R. 2013. “Authoritarianism and Citizen Attitudes Towards European Integration.” European Union Politics 14 (4): 566–89. doi:10.1177/1465116513483182.

Projektseminar: Einflüsse von Institutionen und anderen Kontextfaktoren auf Politische Einstellungen und Politisches Verhalten. Analysen mit der CSES und anderen Mehr-Ebenen-Datensätze

 
Ballot - Vote

Inhalt

Das politisches Handeln und politische Einstellungen vom sozialen Kontext beeinflußt werden, in dem eine Person lebt, ist im Grunde eine Selbstverständlichkeit. Durch die Implementation besonderer statistischer (Mehr-Ebenen)-Modelle in gängiger Software (Stata) und durch die Verfügbarkeit von Datensätzen, die Kontextinformationen enthalten, hat diese Einsicht für die Forschungspraxis aber erheblich an Bedeutung gewonnen.

Ziele

Ziel des Seminars ist es, den Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmern einen Überblick über dieses neue Forschungsfeld zu geben.

Projektseminar

Das Veranstaltung kann als reguläres Seminar oder als Projektseminar belegt werden. Für die Projekt-Teilnehmer findet die Kleingruppen-Veranstaltung im kommenden Sommersemester statt.

Seminarplan (PDF)

Materialien

Ablauf

DatumThemaLiteratur
8.11.2018Random Effects in ESS-artigen Studien richtig modellierenSchmidt-Catran and Fairbrother 2016
5.11.2018Korruption und WahlverhaltenEcker, Glinitzer, and Meyer 2016
2.11.2018Bewertung disproportionaler WahlsystemeFerland 2015
9.11.2018Volatilität, Parteiidentifikation und politisches SystemHauwaert 2015
6.12.2018Unterstützung für Umverteilung in ökonomischen KrisenzeitenGonthier 2016
3.12.2018Arbeitslosigkeit und politische InvolvierungMarx and Nguyen 2016
0.12.2018Rezession, Heuristiken, und der Verlust des Vertrauens in die EUArmingeon and Ceka 2014
0.01.2019Institutionen und Gender Gap in politischen AlltagsdiskussionenNir and McClurg 2015
7.01.2019Anteil stigmatisierter Migranten und Radical Right VotingGreen et al. 2015
4.01.2019Rechtsradikale Parteien und Ablehnung von Migranten: Ursache oder WirkungBohman and Hjerm 2016
1.01.2019Meinungsklima und politische Partizipation von MigrantenJust and Anderson 2014
7.02.2019Willkommenskultur und wahrgenommene Diskriminierung von MigrantenSimonsen 2016
4.02.2019Abschlussdiskussion

Literatur

Armingeon, Klaus, and Besir Ceka. 2014. “The Loss of Trust in the European Union During the Great Recession Since 2007: The Role of Heuristics from the National Political System.” European Union Politics 15 (1): 82–107. doi:10.1177/1465116513495595.

Bohman, Andrea, and Mikael Hjerm. 2016. “In the Wake of Radical Right Electoral Success: A Cross-Country Comparative Study of Anti-Immigration Attitudes over Time.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 42 (11): 1729–47. doi:10.1080/1369183x.2015.1131607.

Ecker, Alejandro, Konstantin Glinitzer, and Thomas M. Meyer. 2016. “Corruption Performance Voting and the Electoral Context.” European Political Science Review 8 (3): 333–54. doi:10.1017/S1755773915000053.

Ferland, Benjamin. 2015. “A Rational or a Virtuous Citizenry? The Asymmetric Impact of Biases in Votes-Seats Translation on Citizens’ Satisfaction with Democracy.” Electoral Studies 40 (4): 394–408. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2015.03.008.

Gelman, Andrew, and Jennifer Hill. 2007. Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gonthier, Frederic. 2016. “Parallel Publics? Support for Income Redistribution in Times of Economic Crisis.” European Journal of Political Research. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12168.

Green, Eva G. T., Oriane Sarrasin, Robert Baur, and Nicole Fasel. 2015. “From Stigmatized Immigrants to Radical Right Voting. a Multilevel Study on the Role of Threat and Contact.” Political Psychology, 465–80. doi:10.1111/pops.12290.

Hauwaert, Steven M. van. 2015. “An Initial Profile of the Ideologically Volatile Voter in Europe: The Multidimensional Role of Party Attachment and the Conditionality of the Political System.” Electoral Studies 40: 87–101. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2015.06.005.

Hox, Joop J. 2010. Multilevel Analysis. Techniques and Applications. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.

Just, Aida, and Christopher J. Anderson. 2014. “Opinion Climates and Immigrant Political Action. a Cross-National Study of 25 European Democracies.” Comparative Political Studies 47 (7): 935–65. doi:10.1177/0010414013488555.

Marx, Paul, and Christoph Nguyen. 2016. “Are the Unemployed Less Politically Involved? A Comparative Study of Internal Political Efficacy.” European Sociological Review 32 (5): 634–48. doi:10.1093/esr/jcw020.

Nir, Lilach, and Scott D. McClurg. 2015. “How Institutions Affect Gender Gaps in Public Opinion Expression.” Public Opinion Quarterly 79 (2): 544–67. doi:10.1093/poq/nfv016.

Rabe-Hesketh, Sophia, and Anders Skrondal. 2012a. Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata. 3rd ed. Vols. 2 Categorical Responses, Counts, and Survival. College Station: Stata Press.

———. 2012b. Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata. 3rd ed. Vol. 1 Continuous Responses. College Station: Stata Press.

Schmidt-Catran, Alexander W., and Malcolm Fairbrother. 2016. “The Random Effects in Multilevel Models: Getting Them Wrong and Getting Them Right.” European Sociological Review 32 (1): 23–38. doi:10.1093/esr/jcv090.

Simonsen, Kristina Bakkær. 2016. “Ripple Effects: An Exclusive Host National Context Produces More Perceived Discrimination Among Immigrants.” European Journal of Political Research 55 (2): 374–90. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12131.

Steenbergen, Marco R., and Bradford S. Jones. 2002. “Modelling Multilevel Data Structures.” American Journal of Political Science 46: 218–37.

Urban, Dieter, and Jochen Mayerl. 2014. Strukturgleichungsmodellierung. Ein Ratgeber Für Die Praxis. Wiesbaden: Springer VS. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-01919-8.

Vorlesung Forschungsmethoden der Politikwissenschaft

 

Wozu noch mehr Forschungsmethoden?

Gründliche Kenntnisse aktueller Forschungsmethoden sind unabdingbar für das Verständnis anspruchsvoller empirischer Analysen aus dem Bereich der Demokratieforschung. Auch wer eine empirische Projekt- oder Masterarbeit plant, benötigt dringend einen Überblick über die Palette moderner Forschungsmethoden. Ziel der Vorlesung ist es primär, einen solchen Überblick zu vermitteln und den Studierenden damit die Möglichkeit zu geben, sich eigenständig mit der Anwendung von Forschungsmethoden in der Politikwissenschaft auseinanderzusetzen. Dabei geht es nicht um mathematische Details, sondern um ein grundlegendes Verständnis von Prinzipien.

Ziele und Inhalte

  • Wiederholung und Vertiefung der Kenntnisse aus Statistik I + II
  • Forschungsdesigns und deren Grenzen
  • Grundlegende Kenntnisse weiterführende Analyseverfahren, u.a.
    • Netzwerkanalyse,
    • Erweiterungen des Regressionsmodells,
    • Mehr-Ebenen-Analyse
    • Strukturgleichungsmodelle

Literatur

  • Brady/Collier: Rethinking Social Inquiry. Diverse Tools, Shared Standards. Lanham 2004
  • Gelman/Hill: Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. Cambridge 2007
  • King: Unifying Political Methodology. Ann Arbor, 1998
  • King/Keohane/Verba: Designing Social Inquiry. Princeton 1994

Themen/Slides

1Einführung und Überblick Bildschirm (PDF)zum Ausdrucken (PDF)
2Kausalität und Designs Bildschirm (PDF)zum Ausdrucken (PDF)
3Maximum Likelihood Estimation Bildschirm (PDF)zum Ausdrucken (PDF)
4Netzwerkanalyse I Bildschirm (PDF)zum Ausdrucken (PDF)
5Netzwerkanalyse II
6Missing Data
7Matching
8Faktorenanalyse und Strukturgleichungsmodelle I
9Faktorenanalyse und Strukturgleichungsmodelle II
10Time-Series Cross-Sectional Data
11Ereignisdaten
12Cross-Level Inference
13Mehrebenenanalyse
14Interaktionseffekte
15Fragestunde

The Populist/Radical/Extreme Right in Europe

 

Slides

Course Outline/Readings

Introduction and central concepts

Mudde (2007 ch 1)

The Extreme Right before 1980

Blinkhorn (2000, 8–88), Prowe (1994)

The supply side: Authoritarianism, the Economy, and the EU

Lange (2007; Vasilopoulou 2011), background: (Rydgren 2005)

France/BelgiumFR: Mayer (2013), BE: Jamin (2012), background: (Hainsworth 2000)
Italy/AustriaIT: Bulli and Tronconi (2012), AT: Aichholzer et al. (2014), background: Ruzza and Fella (2009 ch.2), (Luther 2000)
Scandinavia/GermanyScandinavia: Demker (2012), DE: Arzheimer (2015), background: (Sommer 2008)
Netherlands, Great BritainNL: Bos and Brants (2014), GB: Ford and Goodwin (2014), background: Holsteyn and Irwin (2003; Ford and Goodwin 2010)
Greece, SwitzerlandGR: Ellinas (2013), CH: Skenderovic (2012), background: (Ellinas 2012)
Ideology vs ProtestBrug (2003), Brug, Fennema, and Tillie (2000)
The Role of ReligionArzheimer and Carter (2009; Zúquete 2008)
ImmigrantsRydgren (2008)

PDFs for all texts should be available through the reader system. Most of the articles are also available electronically on any computer connected to the university network (either on campus or via VPN).

Some relevant peer-reviewed journals

  • Comparative European Politics
  • Comparative Political Studies
  • Comparative Politics
  • Electoral Studies
  • European Journal of Political Research
  • Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
  • West European Politics

Articles from these journals should be available electronically on any computer connected to the university network (either on campus or via VPN).

I also maintain an extensive bibliography on the Radical Right.

Assessment

  1. I expect you to come to class well prepared. If you don’t read the assigned texts, participation is pointless.
  2. Even with a medical certificate, you may miss a maximum of two classes.
  3. Assessment is based on your essay (- words). Your essay title/topic must be chosen from the list below
  4. Plagiarism is the most serious academic offence. It is both morally and legally a form of fraud and will not be tolerated. Students who cheat in this way will be awarded a mark of zero.
  5. Essays must be entirely students’ own work, and any passages from the work of others that are quoted directly, or paraphrased or summarised, must be acknowledged and accompanied by full references. Avoid internet sources as they are not normally peer-reviewed (it is of course absolutely ok to use the electronic version of an article from a peer-reviewed journal). If you absolutely have to use material from the internet, you must give the full URL and the date on which the website was accessed.
  6. Essays must be typed on a computer. They must include an introduction and a bibliography (list of references) that adheres to bibliographic standards. The American Political Science Association’s style manual is a useful but verbose guide (http://www.apsanet.org/files/Publications/APSAStyleManual2006.pdf). The main points are summarised here: http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocAPSA.html.
  7. Essays are single-authored
  8. As an alternative, you make work in teams of up to three students on a report for the President of the State Parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate (for administrative reasons, each team member still has to submit an individual copy of the report, and the main author of each section should be flagged up in the text).
  9. The report should assess the problem of right-wing populism in Bourgogne, the Central Bohemian Region, the Opole Voivodeship, and Rhineland-Palatinate, with a special focus on parliamentary representation. It should also entail some recommendations for dealing with this problem politically. The length of the report should be no less than words.

Essay Titles

  • Is the Radical Populist Right after 1980 really completely different from the old, interwar right?
  • Why is there no successful Radical Rightwing Populist Party in Spain or Portugal?
  • Why was the VB in Flanders so much more successful than the NF in Walloon?
  • Is the AfD a Radical Rightwing Populist Party?
  • Was there ever a chance to stop the rise of the Austrian FPÖ?
  • How does UKIP fit into the Radical Rightwing Populist party family?
  • How does the SVP fit into the Radical Rightwing Populist party family?
  • Is populism a necessary condition for Radical Right-Wing success?
  • Has the FN really changed under Marine Le Pen? If yes, how?
  • OR: Write a report (see above) with one or two fellow students

Aichholzer, Julian, Sylvia Kritzinger, Markus Wagner, and Eva Zeglovits. 2014. “How Has Radical Right Support Transformed Established Political Conflicts? The Case of Austria.” West European Politics 37 (1): 113–37. doi:10.1080/01402382.2013.814956.

Arzheimer, Kai. 2015. “The Afd: Finally a Successful Right-Wing Populist Eurosceptic Party for Germany?” West European Politics 38: 535–56. doi:10.1080/01402382.2015.1004230.

Arzheimer, Kai, and Elisabeth Carter. 2009. “Christian Religiosity and Voting for West European Radical Right Parties.” West European Politics 32 (5): 985–1011. doi:10.1080/01402380903065058.

Blinkhorn, Martin. 2000. Fascism and the Right in Europe, 1919-1945. Harlow: Pearson.

Bos, Linda, and Kees Brants. 2014. “Populist Rhetoric in Politics and Media a Longitudinal Study of the Netherlands.” European Journal of Communication 29 (6): 703–19. doi:10.1177/0267323114545709.

Brug, Wouter van der. 2003. “How the Lpf Fuelled Discontent. Empirical Tests of Explanations of Lpf Support.” Acta Politica 38: 89–106.

Brug, Wouter van der, Meindert Fennema, and Jean Tillie. 2000. “Anti-Immigrant Parties in Europe: Ideological or Protest Vote?” European Journal of Political Research 37 (1): 77–102.

Bulli, Giorgia, and Filippo Tronconi. 2012. “Regionalism, Right-Wing Extremism, Populism. the Elusive Nature of the Lega Nord.” In Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. from Local to Transnational, edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, 78–92. London; others: Routledge.

Demker, Marie. 2012. “Scandinavian Right-Wing Parties. Diversity More Than Convergence?” In Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. from Local to Transnational, edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, 239–53. London; others: Routledge.

Ellinas, Antonis A. 2012. “LAOS and the Greek Extreme Right Since 1974.” In Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. from Local to Transnational, edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, 124–39. London; others: Routledge.

———. 2013. “The Rise of Golden Dawn. the New Face of the Far Right in Greece.” South European Society and Politics 18 (4): 543–65.

Ford, Robert, and Matthew J. Goodwin. 2010. “Angry White Men: Individual and Contextual Predictors of Support for the British National Party.” Political Studies 58 (1): 1–25. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.2009.00829.x.

———. 2014. “Understanding Ukip. Identity, Social Change and the Left Behind.” The Political Quarterly 85 (3): 277–84. doi:10.1111/1467-923X.12099.

Hainsworth, Paul. 2000. “The Front National: From Ascendancy to Fragmentation on the French Extreme Right.” In The Politics of the Extreme Right. from the Margins to the Mainstream, edited by Paul Hainsworth, 18–32. London, New York: Pinter.

Holsteyn, Joop J.M. van, and Galen A. Irwin. 2003. “Never a Dull Moment: Pim Fortuyn and the Dutch Parliamentary Election of 2002.” West European Politics 26: 41–66.

Jamin, Jérôme. 2012. “Extreme-Right Discourse in Belgium. a Comparative Regional Approach.” In Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. from Local to Transnational, edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, 62–77. London; others: Routledge.

Lange, Sarah L. de. 2007. “A New Winning Formula?: The Programmatic Appeal of the Radical Right.” Party Politics 13 (4): 411–35. doi:10.1177/1354068807075943.

Luther, Kurt Richard. 2000. “Austria: A Democracy Under Threat from the Freedom Party?” Parliamentary Affairs 53: 426–42.

Mayer, Nonna. 2013. “From Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen: Electoral Change on the Far Right.” Parliamentary Affairs 66 (1): 160–78. doi:10.1093/pa/gss071.

Mudde, Cas. 2007. Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Prowe, Diethelm. 1994. “”Classic” Fascism and the New Radical Right in Western Europe: Comparisons and Contrasts.” Contemporary European History 3: 289–313.

Ruzza, Carlo, and Stefano Fella. 2009. Re-Inventing the Italian Right. Territorial Politics, Populism and “Post-Fascism”. Abingdon, New York: Routledge.

Rydgren, Jens. 2005. “Is Extreme Right-Wing Populism Contagious? Explaining the Emergence of a New Party Family.” European Journal of Political Research 44: 413–37.

———. 2008. “Immigration Sceptics, Xenophobes or Racists? Radical Right-Wing Voting in Six West European Countries.” European Journal of Political Research 47 (6): 737–65. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2008.00784.x.

Skenderovic, Damir. 2012. “Challenging the Exceptionalist View. Favourable Conditions for Radical Right-Wing Populism in Switzerland.” In Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe. from Local to Transnational, edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, 209–24. London; others: Routledge.

Sommer, Bernd. 2008. “Anti-Capitalism in the Name of Ethno-Nationalism: Ideological Shifts on the German Extreme Right.” Patterns of Prejudice 42 (3): 305–16. doi:10.1080/00313220802204046.

Vasilopoulou, Sofia. 2011. “European Ingegration and the Radical Right. Three Patterns of Opposition.” Government and Opposition 46 (2): 223–44.

Zúquete, José Pedro. 2008. “The European Extreme-Right and Islam. New Directions?” Journal of Political Ideologies 13 (3): 321–44. doi:10.1080/13569310802377019.

Kolloqium im Bereich Innenpolitik/Politische Soziologie

 

Allgemeine Informationen

  • Für fortgeschrittene Studierende, die sich bei mir prüfen lassen wollen
  • Möglichkeit zur Vorstellung eigener Projekte (MA-/Staatsexamensarbeit)
  • Möglichkeit zur Simulation von Prüfungssituationen
  • Alle weiteren Informationen, Terminplanung etc. in der ersten Sitzung

Ablauf